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Introduction to Exercise 4 - Using relative (adjective) clauses
Grammar Explanation

•  Relative clauses, also known as adjective clauses, describe nouns or noun phrases, and they are used to combine sentences with repetitive noun phrases.
  • Example: The candidate was against gun control. He lost the election.
    The candidate who was against gun control lost the election.
•  Relative clauses are introduced by relative pronouns such as that, who, which and relative adverbs such as when, where.

•  There are two types of relative clauses:
  • Relative clauses that make a noun phrase specific by adding necessary information to identify it. No commas are used with this type of relative clauses.
    • Example: The student who scored the highest in math was praised by the professor.

  • Relative clauses that provide additional information about the noun clause. You must use commas here.
    • Example: Mr. Hans, who got married last month, is filing for divorce next week.
PDFDownload Grammar Explanation (PDF)
What You Will Do

The following passage has problems with repetitive noun phrases. Click on the EDIT PASSAGE button and make the necessary changes in the box provided. Click on the TIPS button to see how sentences are combined using relative pronouns or adverbs. After making all the changes, click DONE to compare WHAT YOU WROTE with WHAT WE WROTE.  
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